The Generosity of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As-Siddique

Our Beloved Prophet m has said,

“No one’s wealth has ever benefitted me like the wealth of Abu Bakr”.[1]

This prophetic statement is indeed an accurate account of how selflessly Sayyidunna Ameerul Mumineen Abu Bakr As-Siddique E sacrificed his wealth and property for the sake of Islam and Muslims. From the emancipation of slaves to provisions for Ghazwaat of the Noble Messenger m, Sayyidunna Abu Bakr E led the illustrious Sahaaba y in presenting resources for the support and progress of Islam and the Muslim Ummah.  The norm is for people to gain repute through the admirable characteristics they possess, at times however, praiseworthy traits gain repute through those who possess them. Hazrat Abu Bakr E is an example of this.

After a study of Qur’an and Ahadith, one concludes that Hazrat Abu Bakr E wasn’t just generous; he was the epitome of generosity.

The sweltering heat of the hot Arabian desert, the cruel whipping of the tyrant Ummayah ibn Khalaf and the weak body of Hazrat Bilal E enduring the persecution of his master. Throughout all of this, “Ahad, Ahad” (Allah U is One, Allah U is One) was the reply of the poor slave.  Once while the polytheists of Makkah were engaged in such persecution of Hazrat Bilal E, the Holy Prophet m passed by and said, “The One (meaning Allah U) will save you!”  He then came to Hazrat Abu Bakr E and said, “O Abu Bakr! Verily Bilal is being persecuted in (the love of) Allah”.  Hazrat Abu Bakr E understood the desire of our Nabi m, he immediately proceeded to Ummayah ibn Khalaf to emancipate Hazrat Bilal t and presented him with whatever he wished as compensation for his freedom.[2]  Rasoolullah m said to Hazrat Bilal t, “The One will save you”, and Allah U the One did so via Hazrat Abu Bakr t. We can conclude that Hazrat Abu Bakr’s t help in this instance was actually Divine help.

Hazrat Abu Bakr t is credited as the person to have emancipated Hazrat Bilal t and several other slaves who were persecuted by their masters solely for being the followers of Islam and the Prophet Muhammed Mustapha m.  To achieve this, he sacrificed a great amount of wealth but he did for the pleasure of Allah U, the Holy Prophet m and to save poor Muslims from the tyranny of the polytheists.  The father of Hazrat Abu Bakr t, Abu Quhaafa who later accepted Islam in the Conquest of Makkah, came to know that his son was buying weak slaves at exorbitant prices and liberating them without keeping them in his service. Hence he came to him and began to advise him to purchase at least healthy slaves and extract some work from them but Hazrat Abu Bakr t replied, “I wish only for Allah’s pleasure by purchasing these slaves, nothing else”. [3]

The emancipation of Muslim slaves is just one example of Hazrat Abu Bakr’s t generosity. The following Hadith serves as an amazing example of Hazrat Abu Bakr’s t spirit of generosity towards Islam and the command of the Holy Prophet m.

Hazrat Umar ibn Khattab t narrates, “We were commanded by the Holy Prophet m to present charity (in the path of Allah for the expedition to Tabook) and therefore I came to the prophetic court and presented half of my wealth with the intention of surpassing Abu Bakr’s t contribution.  Rasoolullah m asked me what I left behind for my family and I answered, “The same which I have presented (meaning the remaining portion of his wealth)”.  Then Abu Bakr t  came with everything he possessed and presented it to the Holy Prophet m. When asked what he left behind for his family, he said, “I have left Allah and His Rasool for them.” [4]

Generous and kind people have been accorded much praise and promised great reward in the Qur’an and Ahadith and verily Hazrat Abu Bakr t is worthy of all that has been promised.

Hazrat Abu Bakr t reached a point after giving all his wealth in Allah’s U path that his clothes had to be fastened by the thorns of trees. One day, he came to the Holy Prophet’s court and Hazrat Jibraeel g descended shortly afterwards.  The archangel saw the dressing of Hazrat Abu Bakr t and asked, “Abu Bakr had been blessed with much wealth, what is the reason for him to have adopted the apparel of the destitute?”  Nabi Muhammed Mustapha m replied, “He has sacrificed his entire wealth for me and has not kept anything for him.”  Hazrat Jibraeel g then said, “Allah sends greetings to Abu Bakr and asks whether he is content with Him in this poverty or does he have any grievance?”  This was related to Hazrat Abu Bakr t who immediately went into a passionate state and proclaimed, “How can I have a grievance against my Lord? Indeed I am content with Him! Indeed I am content with Him.” [5]  This unique excellence of attaining Allah’s U salutation was earned by Hazrat Abu Bakr t after sacrificing all he possessed at the feet of the most sublime of Allah’s U creation, Nabi Muhammed Mustapha m.  Indeed, all the charity we give out cannot equal this reward attained by Hazrat Abu Bakr t.

From the very inception of Islam, Hazrat Abu Bakr t helped the cause of our Deen and as Muslims who enjoy the fruits of his sacrifice, it is incumbent upon us to salute this savant of Islam.

This brief article is a humble gesture on behalf of Islamic Lifestyle Solutions to express our gratitude in the court of Hazrat Abu Bakr t and to shed light upon his great life for us all to emulate in this material age we live in.

To end, we present a few poetic verses written in praise of Sayyidunna Abu Bakr As-Siddique t by the celebrated Sufi, Hazrat Shah Niyaaz Ahmed t who rests in Bareilly Shareef:

The leader of the Faithful Siddique-e-Akbar, the leader of Muslims Siddique-e-Akbar

The leader of the Divine Lovers Siddique-e-Akbar, The solace of the Gnostics Siddique-e-Akbar

The companion of Mustapha in the dark cave, none enjoys this honour except Siddique-e-Akbar

He sacrificed whatever he had on Mustapha for the sake of Deen did Siddique-e-Akbar

The Prophet was consoled in the Me’raj by Allah in the voice of Siddique-e-Akbar[6]

By the consensus of the Companions, elected as the Prophet’s successor Siddique-e-Akbar[7]

&

 

[1] Mishkaat, Baabu Manaaqibi Abi Bakr with reference to Tirmizhi

[2] Tafseer Al-Qurtubi, Surah Al-Layl Vol. 20, pg. 81

[3] Tafseer Fathul Azeez by Sirajul Hind Sha Abdul Azeez Muhadith Dehlwi t, Surah Lail, Part Four, pg. 350

[4] Mishkaat Baabu Manaaqibi Abi Bakr, with reference to Tirmizhi and Abu Dawood

[5] Tafseer Fathul Azeez. Surah Al-Layl, Pt.4,  pg. 336

[6] Tafseer Roohul Bayaan, 17:1-7, Vol. 5, pg. 121, Maktabah Uthmaniyah

[7] Diwaan Sha Niyaaz

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