In terms of Hanafi Fiqh, Qurbaani or Udhiya is to sacrifice a particular type of an animal during a specified period of time with the intention of Qurbah (i.e. to acquire nearness and reward from Allah)
(Raddul Muhtaar, Vol. 6, pg. 312, Published by H.M. Saeed Company, Karachi)
Adult Muslim males and females possessing the amount of Nisaab separate from their living expenses and who are Muqeem (resident/ not a Musafir) are obligated to make Qurbaani.
(Al-Mabsoot, Part 12, pg. 10, Published by Maktabah Rasheedia, Lahore)
The time for Qurbaani is from the Subh Saadiq of the 10th of Zhul-Hijjah until the sun sets on the 12th of Zhul-Hijjah. These three days are called Ayaam-un-Nahr.
(Bahar-e-Shariat, Vol. 2, pg. 542, Published by Maktabah Razvia, Karachi)
Qurbaani is not Waajib (obligatory) on a Musafir (traveller).
(Bidaayatul Mujtahid, Vol. 1, pg. 648, Published by Maktabah Isha’atul Islam, New Delhi)
Allah and His Rasool know best.
Islamic Lifestyle Solutions